Mammalian germ cells a Ciba Foundation symposium. by Ciba Foundation.

Cover of: Mammalian germ cells | Ciba Foundation.

Published by Little, Brown in Boston .

Written in English

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  • Spermatozoa.,
  • Semen.,
  • Ovum.,
  • Mammals.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Book details

Statement Editor for the Ciba Foundation: G. E. W. Wolstenholme, assisted by Margaret P. Cameron and Jessie S. Freeman.
ContributionsWolstenholme, G. E. W. ed.
LC ClassificationsQP251 .C48
The Physical Object
Paginationxiv, 302 p.
Number of Pages302
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL206497M
LC Control Numbera 54002954

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Symposium on the Physiology of Mammalian Germ Cells ( Ciba Foundation). Mammalian germ cells. London: J. & A. Churchill, (OCoLC) Material Type: Conference publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: G E W Wolstenholme; Margaret P Cameron; Jessie S Freeman; Ciba Foundation.

The Novartis Foundation Series is a popular collection of the proceedings from Novartis Foundation Symposia, in which groups of leading scientists from a range of topics across biology, chemistry and medicine assembled to present papers and discuss Novartis Foundation, originally known as the Ciba Foundation, is well known to scientists and clinicians around the world.

Genre/Form: Congress Congrès: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Ciba Foundation. Mammalian germ cells. Boston, Little, Brown, (OCoLC) A small group of cells in the early mammalian embryo is induced to become primordial germ cells by signals produced by neighboring cells.

In mice, for example, 1 week after fertilization, about 50 cells in tissue lying outside the embryo proper are induced by their neighbors to become primordial germ by: 2. Mammalian cells show a marked simplification of glycolipids when transformed spontaneously or by oncogenic DNA or RNA viruses.

This chapter discusses a study of glycosphingolipids in cultured cell lines from human colonic tumors and fetal intestines. In the study, glycosphingolipids from three cultured human colonic cell lines, (SKCO-1, HT Mammalian PGCs are specified by signalling between cells (induction), rather than by the segregation of germ plasm as the embryo divides.

In mice, PGCs originate from the proximal epiblast, close to the extra-embryonic ectoderm (ExE), of the post-implantation embryo as early as embryonic day [7].

In the mammalian testis, the existence of the blood–testis barrier and germ cell syncytium indicates the complexity and integrated dependence the germ cells have on the Sertoli cell. Any factor that regulates or influences Sertoli cell function indirectly controls spermatogenesis and male fertility.

A basic doctrine of reproductive biology is that most mammalian females lose the capacity for germ-cell renewal during fetal life, such that a fixed reserve of germ cells (oocytes) enclosed within.

adshelp[at] The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86AAuthor: Hartman, Carl. Book: Mammalian germ, cells. + pp.

Abstract: This is an account of a "Ciba Foundation" colloquium at which fourteen papers were presented on mammalian sperm, and eleven on mammalian ova ova Subject Category: Anatomical and Morphological Structures.

The spermatogenic germ cells are bound to the Sertoli cells by N-cadherin molecules on both cell surfaces and by galactosyltransferase molecules on the spermatogenic cells that bind a carbohydrate receptor on The mammalian haploid spermatid is a round, unflagellated cell that looks nothing like the mature vertebrate sperm.

this book is. DNA repair mechanisms in mammalian germ cells Article Literature Review (PDF Available) in Histology and histopathology 26(4) April with Reads How we measure 'reads'. Request PDF | Mammalian germ cells are determined after PGC colonization of the nascent gonad | In mammals, the germline is set aside early in development for the later production of the gametes.

This new volume of Current Topics in Developmental Biology covers the area of gametogenesis, with contributions from an international board of authors. The chapters provide a comprehensive set of reviews covering such topics as germline stem cells, signaling modalities during oogenesis in mammals, and genomic imprinting as a parental effect established in mammalian germ.

Book - Text-Book of Embryology 1. From Embryology. The Germ Cells. The vertebrate animal body is a complex of numerous types of cells. The great majority of the cells are engaged in carrying on the various activities of daily life.

as in the mammalian ovum. The nucleus of the frog's ovum is proportionately smaller than in the case of an. Mouse and human embryonic stem cells. The first forays into understanding pluripotency in the mammalian embryo began with rather simple experiments in which pieces of mouse germ cell tumors known as teratocarcinomas were grown in culture and a variety of pluripotent cell types emerged (Solder, ).One cell type, termed Embryonal Carcinoma Cells (ECCs), produced all three germ layers as Cited by: 3.

Book - Text-Book of Embryology 7. From Embryology. Early Mammalian Development. The phenomena of ovulation are discussed in the chapter on "The Germ Cells," p.

23, et seq. It is generally agreed that the normal site of fertilization of the mammalian ovum is the upper (or outer) third of the oviduct or Fallopian tube.

The symposium reported in this book was comprised of 40 participants, all of whom are authorities on the subject of mammalian germ cells.

The authors of the papers read came from Denmark, France, Great Britain, Holland, Sweden, and the United States. The symposium was divided into two parts:   This review will discuss the interplay between retrotransposons and their host cells in the mammalian germline, the genome defence systems that germ cells and pluripotent cells use to limit the mutagenic activity of retrotransposons, and the impact that retrotransposons are having on the biology of mammalian germ cells and pluripotent : Ian R.

Adams. Comprehensive and cutting-edge, Germ Cell Protocols offers both novice and established researchers a gold-standard collection of hard-to-find methods for high impact research, diverse procedures that are easy-to-follow, well-illustrated, and allow a cross-species transfer of knowledge from lower vertebrates to higher mammalian systems.

Biology of mammalian germ cell mutagenesis. Publication date Topics Mutation (Biology) -- Congresses, Germ cells -- Congresses, Mutagenicity testing -- Congresses, Chromosome Aberrations -- congresses, Germ Cells -- congresses, Mutagenicity Tests -- congresses, Mutation Borrow this book to access EPUB and PDF files.

IN : Culture of Animal Cells: A Manual of Basic Technique and Specialized Applications, Sixth Edition. Ian Freshney. First published: 20 September Print ISBN: | Online ISBN: | DOI: / Author Biography.

About this book. This is the sixth edition of the leading text in the basic methodology of. Fundamental aspects of embryonic and post-natal development, including maintenance of the mammalian female germline, are largely unknown.

Here we employ a retrospective, phylogenetic-based method for reconstructing cell lineage trees utilizing somatic mutations accumulated in microsatellites, to study female germline dynamics in mice. Reconstructed. Stem cell, an undifferentiated cell that can divide to produce some offspring cells that continue as stem cells and some cells that are destined to differentiate (become specialized).

Stem cells are an ongoing source of the differentiated cells that make up the tissues and organs of animals and plants. There is great interest in stem cells because they have potential in the development of. @article{osti_, title = {Preservation of mammalian germ plasm by freezing}, author = {Mazur, P.}, abstractNote = {Embryos of several mammalian species can be frozen to /sup 0/C (or below) by procedures that result in the thawed embryos being indistinguishable from their unfrozen counterparts.

The survival often exceeds 90%, and in liquid nitrogen it should remain at that high level. Mammalian spermatogenesis is a high regulated biological process occurring in the seminiferous tubules in the testis.

The processing of this program requires delicate balance between cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and expedite cell interaction. Autophagy, an evolutionarily conserved cell reprograming machinery, had been shown to function as an important regulatory mechanism in Author: Zonghao Tang, Zhengchao Wang.

Some fascinating aspects of mammalian genetics were decidedly missing from I, Mammal, including the silencing of one of the two X chromosomes that occurs in most cells of most female mammals (X-chromosome inactivation), the expression of only one of the two copies of a substantial number of genes inherited (genomic imprinting), and the.

Cancer Stem Cells • Not all the cells within a tumor can maintain tumor growth, most cancers are not clonal. • Several long-known oncogenic pathways are pivotal to the maintenance of normal stem cell self-renewal. • Techniques used in the stem cell field have identified self-renewing cells.

•By identifying the stem cells in tumors, it File Size: 1MB. The Mammalian Testis. Brian P. Setchell. Elek, - Mammals - pages. 0 Reviews. From inside the book. What people are saying dehydrogenase effect Eik-Nes Endocrinol Endocrinology enzyme epididymis Exptl Fawcett Fertil fetal Figure fluid secretion function germ cells glands glucose gonadotrophins gonads guinea pig hamster heat Hoden.

A now large body of evidence supports the existence of mitotically active germ cells in postnatal ovaries of diverse mammalian species, including humans. This opens the possibility that adult stem cells naturally committed to a germline fate could be leveraged for the production of female gametes outside of the body.

The functional properties of these cells, referred to as female germline or Cited by:   Abstract. Here we report the isolation and characterization of mouse testicular cDNAs encoding the mammalian homologue of the Xenopus germ cell-specific nucleic acid-binding protein FRGY2 (mRNP3+4), hereafter designated MSY2.

MSY2 is a member of the Y box multigene family of proteins; it contains the cold shock domain that is highly conserved among all Y box proteins and four Cited by: These mitotically active germ cells found in mammalian adults were identified by tracking several markers that were common in oocytes.

These potential renewable germ cells were identified as positive for these essential oocyte markers. The discovery of these active germ cells and oogonia in the adult female could be very useful in the MeSH: D reviews TIG-Introducing mammalian cell genetics Mammalian Cell Genetics (Cell Biology Series, Vol.

4) by Martin L. Hooper, John Wiley and Sons, £ (xiv + pages) ISBN 0 4 7l 7 As the author states in the preface, the chapters of the book are organized in terms of techniques and approaches rather than applications.

Reproduction in Mammals: Volume 1, Germ Cells and Fertilisation (Reproduction in Mammals Series) (Bk. 1) 2nd Edition. The aim is to present an up-to-date and highly readable comparative account of mammalian reproduction. Each book can be used independently.

-- Book Description. Read more. Product details. Series: Reproduction in Mammals Price: $ Sometimes, a group of germ cells grows in a way that’s not normal. A tumor forms. This usually happens in an ovary or testicle.

You can also get a germ cell tumor in the brain, chest, belly. @article{osti_, title = {Mechanisms and chemical induction of aneuploidy in rodent germ cells}, author = {Mailhes, J B and Marchetti, F}, abstractNote = {The objective of this review is to suggest that the advances being made in our understanding of the molecular events surrounding chromosome segregation in non-mammalian and somatic cell models be considered when designing experiments.

Mammalian cell culture is at the core of biomanufacturing therapeutic proteins and viral vaccines. Find out how mammalian cells are derived and cultivated, and what opportunities this field holds.

Cells isolated from animal tissues can be expanded in culture for use as a research tool, for the production of virus vaccines and various. The number of oogonia and somatic cells in the human female embryo and fetus in relation to whether or not exposed to maternal cigarette smoking. Hum Reprod 24 (): – 5.

Science, 20 AprilSpecial Issue - Germ Cells [G. Goshima (Genes Required for Mitoctic Spindle Assembly in Drosophila S2 Eggs), H. Cui (Evolutionarily Conserved Mechanism Deliminting SHR Movement Defines Plant Epidermis Layer), N. Gedik (Nonequalibrium Phase Transition in Cuprates Oberved by Ultrafast Electron Crystallography), H.

Lezec (Negative Refractiuon at Visible Author: G. Goshima (Genes Required for Mitoctic Spindle Assembly in Drosophila S2 Eggs), H.

Cui (Evolutionarily Conserved Mechanism Deliminting SHR Movement Defines Plant Epidermis Layer), N. Gedik (Nonequalibrium Phase Transition in Cuprates Oberved by Ultrafast Electron Crystallography).

Given that the factors that are associated with germ granules in non‐mammalian species are also expressed in mammalian germ cells, it is tempting to speculate that all species share a basic germ‐plasm machinery, and that this machinery exists in mammals as submicroscopic complexes that are rich in RNAs and RNA‐binding by: 8.

The primordial germ cells are the common origins of spermatozoa and oocytes and thus represent the ancestors of the germline. Like all other somatic cells these are diploid and in human embryos can already be found in the primary ectoderm (epiblast) in the second week.germ cells on their own cannot make egg and sperms.

So primordial germ cells, they have to migrate, they have to get the right sex, they have to proliferate, they have to differentiate, the germ cell genome has to protect it, and all that is being controlled by germ line Soma interactions.Test No.

Mammalian Spermatogonial Chromosome Aberration Test. This test measures chromosome events in spermatogonial germ cells and is, therefore, expected to be predictive of induction of inheritable mutations in germ cells. Male Chinese hamsters and mice are commonly used.

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